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Code Mnemonic Description
90 + rw XCHG AX, r16 Exchange r16 with AX
90 + rw XCHG r16, AX Exchange AX with r16
90 + rd XCHG EAX, r32 Exchange r32 with EAX
90 + rd XCHG r32, EAX Exchange EAX with r32
86 / r XCHG r/m8, r8 Exchange r8 (byte register) with byte from r/m8
86 / r XCHG r8, r/m8 Exchange byte from r/m8 with r8 (byte register)
87 / r XCHG r/m16, r16 Exchange r16 with word from r/m16
87 / r XCHG r16, r/m16 Exchange word from r/m16 with r16
87 / r XCHG r/m32, r32 Exchange r32 with doubleword from r/m32
87 / r XCHG r32, r/m32 Exchange doubleword from r/m32 with r32

Description
Exchanges the contents of the destination (first) and source (second) operands. The operands can be two general-purpose registers or a register and a memory location. If a memory operand is referenced, the processor's locking protocol is automatically implemented for the duration of the exchange operation, regardless of the presence or absence of the LOCK prefix or of the value of the IOPL. (See the LOCK prefix description in this chapter for more information on the locking protocol.)

This instruction is useful for implementing semaphores or similar data structures for process synchronization.

The XCHG instruction can also be used instead of the BSWAP instruction for 16-bit operands.

Operands Bytes Clocks
reg, reg 2 3 NP
reg, mem 2 + d(0 - 2) 3 NP
mem, reg 2 + d(0 - 2) 3 NP
acc, reg 1 2 NP
reg, acc 1 2 NP
in above: acc = AX or EAX only

Flags
ID unaffected DF unaffected
VIP unaffected IF unaffected
VIF unaffected TF unaffected
AC unaffected SF unaffected
VM unaffected ZF unaffected
RF unaffected AF unaffected
NT unaffected PF unaffected
IOPL unaffected CF unaffected
OF unaffected