Make your own free website on Tripod.com
Up ] Docs Home ]

CMPXCHG - Compare and Exchange

Back ] Next ]

*

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

?


Code Mnemonic Description
0F B0/ r CMPXCHG r/m8, r8 Compare AL with r/m8. If equal, ZF is set and r8 is loaded into r/m8. Else, clear ZF and load r/m8 into AL.
0F B1/ r CMPXCHG r/m16, r16 Compare AX with r/m16. If equal, ZF is set and r16 is loaded into r/m16. Else, clear ZF and load r/m16 into AL
0F B1/ r CMPXCHG r/m32, r32 Compare EAX with r/m32. If equal, ZF is set and r32 is loaded into r/m32. Else, clear ZF and load r/m32 into AL

Description
Compares the value in the AL, AX, or EAX register (depending on the size of the operand) with the first operand (destination operand). If the two values are equal, the second operand (source operand) is loaded into the destination operand. Otherwise, the destination operand is loaded into the AL, AX, or EAX register.

This instruction can be used with a LOCK prefix to allow the instruction to be executed atomi-cally. To simplify the interface to the processor's bus, the destination operand receives a write cycle without regard to the result of the comparison. The destination operand is written back if the comparison fails; otherwise, the source operand is written into the destination. (The processor never produces a locked read without also producing a locked write.)
Operands Bytes Clocks
reg, reg 3 5 NP
mem, reg 3 + d(0 - 2) 6 NP

Flags
ID unaffected DF unaffected
VIP unaffected IF unaffected
VIF unaffected TF unaffected
AC unaffected SF sets according to the results of the comparison operation
VM unaffected ZF sets if the values in the destination operand and register AL, AX, or EAX are equal; otherwise it is cleared
RF unaffected AF sets according to the results of the comparison operation
NT unaffected PF sets according to the results of the comparison operation
IOPL unaffected CF sets according to the results of the comparison operation
OF sets according to the results of the comparison operation